What is Stanag 4193 and why is it important for military identification
Stanag 4193 is a NATO standardization agreement that defines the technical characteristics of the IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) Mk XIIA system. The IFF Mk XIIA system is a development of the previously implemented IFF Mk XA and IFF Mk XII systems, providing an enhanced identification capability while maintaining interoperability with civil secondary surveillance radar (SSR).
IFF systems are used to identify and track friendly and hostile aircraft, ships, and vehicles in military operations. They consist of interrogators that send out coded signals and transponders that respond with specific codes. The codes can indicate the identity, position, speed, altitude, heading, and other information of the platform.
Stanag 4193 consists of four parts:
Part I: General system characteristics
Part II: Classified characteristics (restricted)
Part III: Installed system characteristics
Part IV: Technical characteristics of Mode S in military interrogators and transponders
Part III of Stanag 4193 defines the relevant functional and performance requirements applicable to both interrogator and transponder installations. The requirements specified are those considered to be the minimum necessary to ensure adequate overall IFF system performance.
Part IV of Stanag 4193 defines the technical characteristics of Mode S in military interrogators and transponders. Mode S is a civil SSR mode that provides selective interrogation and enhanced surveillance features. Mode S can also support military applications such as secure identification, data link communication, and electronic warfare.
Stanag 4193 is important for military identification because it ensures interoperability, compatibility, and security among NATO and allied forces. It also enables integration with civil air traffic control systems and compliance with international regulations.
NATO - STANAG 4193 PT III - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE IFF Mk XIIA SYSTEM PART III: INSTALLED SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS GlobalSpec
NATO - STANAG 4193 PT IV - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF IFF Mk XA AND XII INTERROGATORS AND TRANSPONDERS - PART IV: TECHNICAL CHARACHERISTICS OF MODE S IN MILITARY INTERROGATORS AND TRANSPONDERS GlobalSpec
STANAG 4193(PT3):0 Characteristics of IFF Mk XIIA SAI Global
The IFF Mk XIIA system has various applications in military and civil domains. Some of the applications are:
Air defense: The IFF Mk XIIA system can help air defense units to identify and track friendly and hostile aircraft, and to avoid friendly fire incidents.
Air traffic control: The IFF Mk XIIA system can provide civil air traffic controllers with enhanced surveillance and communication capabilities, such as altitude reporting, aircraft identification, and emergency indication.
Electronic warfare: The IFF Mk XIIA system can support electronic warfare operations by providing secure identification, data link communication, and jamming resistance features.
Test and evaluation: The IFF Mk XIIA system can be tested and evaluated using specialized equipment such as the IFF-45TS Transponder / Interrogator / TACAN Bench Test Set. This device is an RF signal simulator that provides support for AIMS Mark XIIA transponders and interrogators. It operates under remote control from a computer or ATE system and provides versatile signal generation and measurement capability of Mark XIIA system signals in bench and over-the-air scenarios[^1^].